Gingivitis is a medical term that we end up getting to know in the course of our life whether we want to or not. Gum Disease is more common than most people think, and if you recognize it early and get it treated then it does not become a large issue. But if you get it frequently or you end up ignoring it, then you are doing something very bad when taking care of your teeth and will end up paying a lot of money to fix it in the end. The following descriptions will explain the different types/stages of gum disease and how to treat it properly.
Gingivitis is the initial phase of the gum disease where your gums end up hurting you. At this stage your gums will be very sensitive, will bleed easily and will be red, swollen and overall painful to look and feel.
When the gum disease progresses from gingivitis to the next stage, periodontal pockets is when the gums peel off your teeth and end up having small pockets. These pockets form when the plaque ends up building below the gum line. If you reach the dental clinic at least by this time then you can save your teeth.
The last and most awful stage of gum disease where the bacteria ends up infecting your gums.at this phase the pockets in your Gus will start to get filled by blood and pus. Plaque, tartar and bacteria will end up infecting your gums and the bone structure of your mouth is also affected. Your teeth may end up getting loose and some will have to be removed during treatment by a dentist.
Causes of gum disease
Most common causes of developing this disease is mistreatment or bad caring of oral hygiene. Daily brushing followed by flossing and proper washing is required twice a day for your teeth to fight off bacteria that ends up sticking to them. Smoking, poor nutrition, excess sugar consumption, emotional stress and immune system related diseases are also causes.
Generally having good oral hygiene habits of brushing and flossing twice a day, eating crunchy foods like apples and carrots, eating healthy and reducing sugar intake needs to be incorporated to your daily rituals. Also chewing gum after having a meal (especially chewing gum with Xylitol) is good for preventing bacteria from sticking to your teeth and also for slowing the bacterial plaque buildup. Try to stay away from consuming too much starch, sugar, hydrogenated oils, and processed foods as they are bacteria growers.